PANDA Neurology and Atlanta Headache Specialists offer diagnostic and treatment procedures for their patients.  Below find a list of the most common outpatient procedures offered in our practice, along with a brief summary.


Botulinum toxin injections are often used for the treatment of chronic migraines.   Botulinum toxin is a purified toxin from clostridium botulinum that acts by relaxing muscles through its action on neuromuscular blockade, as well as blocking the release of the neuropeptide CGRP (calcitonin gene related polypeptide) from extracranial nerve terminals.


An EEG is a test that measures and records the electrical activity of the brain.  Electrodes (special sensors) are placed on the child’s scalp and hooked by wires to a computer, which records the electrical activity.   Certain conditions, such as seizures, can be seen by the changes in the normal pattern of the brain’s electrical activity.


The Infusion Center at Atlanta Headache Specialists is designed for the management of acute migraine headaches with the use of intravenous (IV) medication and fluids in the office.

Nerve Blocks

Nerve blocks have been performed by headache and pain medicine specialists for years. We use a combination of topical anesthetics, typically lidocaine and bupivacaine, and inject these selectively at various extracranial nerves to “numb up” the nerves and block pain signals that are travelling to the central nervous system. 

Trigger Point Injections

Trigger point injections are injections that selectively target myoneural regions of skeletal musculature that are irritated or inflamed and are causing pain and discomfort.   This pain may be the result of trauma, postural abnormalities, muscle compression from external forces such as a back pain, or bony abnormalities.